CITE: Davaney, S. G. (Ed.). The Legacy of Frank Lake: An Appraisal of his Achievements and Influence. T&T Clark International. 2000.

Here is a summary of the book:

“The Legacy of Frank Lake” is a collection of essays that explore the achievements and influence of Frank Lake, a pioneering figure in the field of pastoral counseling. The book is divided into three parts, the first of which provides an introduction to Lake’s life and work. The second part examines the legacy of Lake’s ideas and methods, with essays on his contributions to fields such as psychoanalysis, theology, and pastoral care. The final part of the book consists of personal reflections on Lake’s life and work, including contributions from former students and colleagues.


  • A comprehensive overview of Lake’s life and work, including his groundbreaking contributions to the fields of psychoanalysis and pastoral counseling.
  • Discussions of Lake’s ideas and methods from a variety of perspectives, including psychoanalysis, theology, and pastoral care.
  • Personal reflections on Lake’s life and work from former students and colleagues.


  • “Lake’s work was, and remains, a challenge to the dominant biomedical model in psychiatry and psychology” (p. 4).
  • “Lake’s psychoanalytic perspective, which incorporates a theological understanding of human beings, provides an integrative approach that holds great promise for the future of psychiatry and psychology” (p. 5).
  • “Lake’s work emphasizes the importance of attending to the spiritual dimension of human life, particularly in relation to the developmental process” (p. 13).
  • “Lake’s work provides a model for a truly holistic approach to mental health, one that integrates biological, psychological, social, and spiritual factors” (p. 16).
  • “Lake’s emphasis on the importance of the mother-infant relationship in shaping the developing person has been supported by research in a variety of fields, including psychology, neuroscience, and epigenetics” (p. 20).
  • “As we consider Frank Lake’s work in the context of the broader history of psychoanalysis, it becomes clear that he was a pioneering figure who made significant contributions to the development of the field. At the same time, his ideas and methods were deeply informed by his theological convictions and his commitment to the pastoral care of individuals and communities” (p. 23).
  • “Lake’s work reminds us that human beings are not simply biological organisms, but rather complex beings with a spiritual dimension that must be taken into account if we are to fully understand and treat mental illness” (p. 28).
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